Poor diet is a factor in one in five deaths around the world, according to the most comprehensive study ever carried out on the subject. Millions of people are eating the wrong sorts of food for good health. Eating a diet that is low in whole grains, fruit, nuts and seeds and fish oils and high in salt raises the risk of an early death, according to the huge and ongoing study Global Burden of Disease.

The study, based at the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, compiles data from every country in the world and makes informed estimates where there are gaps. Five papers on life expectancy and the causes and risk factors of death and ill health have been published by the Lancet medical journal.

The real cost of rejection isn’t hearing “no” that one time. It’s missing opportunities to try again because the original rejection is still echoing in your head. Successful people put themselves out there a lot, which generally means their ideas also get shot down constantly. F. Scott Fitzgerald collected 122 rejection slips before he got his footing as a short story writer. Vogue editor Anna Wintour was fired from a junior position at Harper’s Bazaar because a senior editor thought her photo shoots were too edgy. Oprah Winfrey, Howard Stern, Walt Disney, J.K. Rowling, and many others had bosses tell them they were bad fits in their chosen field or lacked creativity (ha!).

Success takes a never-give-up attitude that psychologists often refer to as “resilience” or “grit.” Researchers are still trying to understand how grit works and what combination of factors determines a person’s grit. In the meantime, some experts have identified strategies gritty people rely on to keep moving forward:
  • Cultivate a “growth mindset.” People with a “fixed mindset” view qualities like intelligence or talent as innate--you either have them or you don’t. In a growth mindset, you believe that ability is shaped by the effort you put in. Angela Lee Duckworth, author of Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance, says, “The hope that gritty people have has nothing to do with luck and everything to do with getting up again.” Resolving to use your skills to make tomorrow a better day, rather than merely wishing things would improve, is a better way to stay engaged in the process.
  • Listen for your calling. Duckworth believes grit is grounded in a sense of meaning. Stuck in a job you dislike? Looking for ways your job helps people down the line can connect a monotonous routine to a meaningful outcome.
  • Practice mindfulness. Linda Lantieri, director of The Inner Resilience Program, says a regular mindfulness practice increases self-understanding, improves concentration, and makes it easier to stay relaxed under stressful circumstances. A meditation break or mindful stretching may release some tension.

  • Seek feedback. Identifying areas to improve your approach re-categorizes a rejection. Instead of a failure, it’s a learning opportunity and a chance to practice.

  • Invest time. Look for themes. Are you hearing “too vague” or “not for us” often? You can use these reasons as a guideline to add detail or tailor a pitch to your audience better next time.

Loss aversion also explains why despite deciding you'll hate a movie ten minutes in, you'll stick it out for the whole two hours in misery. You've already paid for the ticket, so you don't want to waste money by not seeing the movie. But you won't get that money back if you stay, so why do you feel like you have to? The reason we’re inclined to throw good money after bad (which economists call the sunk cost fallacy) is a perfect example of loss aversion in action. If we've spent resources on something—whether it's as small as a ticket to a bad movie or as large as the billions of dollars spent in a war or social program that's not working out—we're inclined to stay the course so as not to waste what we've already spent. In other words, we want to avoid feeling the loss of what's been spent, so we stick with our plan, hoping for a gain, even when sometimes that just leads to a bigger loss in the long run.

Why are we so averse to loss? Like many cognitive biases, it conferred a big evolutionary advantage. All organisms survive by maximizing opportunities and minimizing threats. Because a loss of precious resources reads as a threat to our very survival, we're hardwired to try to hold on to what we have. In the terms of natural selection, it makes sense to try to avoid loss at all costs. But, of course, our ancestors didn't have to contend with the many complicated economic problems we find ourselves with now, which is why the loss aversion that helped us in the past often hurts us today.

“The color blue has been found by an overwhelming amount of people to be associated with feelings of calm and peace,” says Shuster. “Staring at the ocean actually changes our brain waves’ frequency and puts us into a mild meditative state.” A study published in the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s journal even found that blue is associated with a boost of creativity.

Plus, that consistent ebbing and flowing you hear as you lie on your towel under an umbrella? “It kind of de-stimulates our brains,” says Shuster. The noises — coupled with the visuals — activate your parasympathetic nervous system, which is “responsible for slowing us down and allowing us to relax and feel more engaged,” says Sally Nazari, PsyD, owner of Chrysalis Psychological Services and host of the podcast Beyond the Couch.

The smell of the ocean breeze also contributes to your soothed state, which may have something to do with the negative ions in the air that you’re breathing in. These oxygen atoms have an extra electron and occur in places like waterfalls and the ocean, says Shuster. A study published in the Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine suggests that negative ion therapy could be used to treat symptoms of seasonal affective disorder. Finally, the simple act of touching the sand makes you feel all fuzzy. “The physical sensation of putting your feet in warm sand causes people to relax,” says Shuster.

Project Implicit ran this experiment with more than 700,000 online test takers from 2006 to 2015. The results show that conservative women had higher implicit gender bias than women with other political ideologies and than men of any political ideology, according to data provided by Colin T. Smith, the project’s director of education, at my request. At every level of self-reported political ideology, women had a higher level of implicit gender bias than men.

In October, HCD Research, a New Jersey research firm, enlisted about 500 likely voters, including about 100 in each of four groups — Clinton and Trump supporters of both genders — in a test of implicit gender bias modeled after Project Implicit’s test. The result was striking. The group with the highest level of implicit bias against linking women with careers was women who planned to vote for Trump. More than 80 percent of them showed a bias toward linking men with careers more quickly than women, compared with 74 percent of women supporting Clinton and a little more than 50 percent of men supporting either candidate. The average bias of women planning to vote for Trump was the highest of any group, to a statistically significant degree.

Dan Harmon's update to Joseph Campbell's The Hero's Journey

Successful Parenting
1. Nag your kids to do the right things (Success)
2. Learn the more effective way to praise them (Growth)
3. Send them outside to play (Creativity)
4. Develop their emotional intelligence (Sociability)
5. Read to them like this when they're young (Empathy)
6. Don't hover like a helicopter (Insight)
7. Make them do chores (Responsibility)
8. Teach them to be resilient (Resiliency)
9. Teach them to find inspiration (Motivation)

"And as our economy becomes less physical and more cerebral, as women slowly supplant men in many industries, as income inequalities grow and more highly testosteroned blue-collar men find themselves shunted to one side, we will have to find new ways of channeling what nature has bequeathed us. I don't think it's an accident that in the last decade there has been a growing focus on a muscular male physique in our popular culture, a boom in crass men's magazines, an explosion in violent computer games or a professional wrestler who has become governor. These are indications of a cultural displacement, of a world in which the power of testosterone is ignored or attacked, with the result that it re-emerges in cruder and less social forms. Our main task in the gender wars of the new century may not be how to bring women fully into our society, but how to keep men from seceding from it, how to reroute testosterone for constructive ends, rather than ignore it for political point-making."

Kids in the United Kingdom are spending less time outside than prisoners, according to a new study. A survey of 2,000 parents in United Kingdom finds that nearly three quarters of children are spending less than one hour outside every day, the Guardian reports. About 20% are not going outside at all on a regular basis. U.N. guidelines mandate that prisoners receive “at least one hour of suitable exercise in the open air daily.”

In the U.S., First Lady Michelle Obama has been a fierce advocate for getting children outside for play time as a part of her "Let's Move" initiative.

It is widely recognised that the greatest underlying cause of death among humans today is lifestyle-related chronic disease. The world is in the grip of an epidemic of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, dementia and more, fuelled by a high intake of sugar, fat, salt, alcohol and tobacco, and a lack of physical activity. In addition to this voluntary consumption, the entire human population is exposed to a toxic cocktail of industrial chemicals. The impact of industrial chemicals on human health was recently highlighted by the World Health Organisation, which forecasts a “tidal wave of cancer” (International Agency for Research On Cancer 2014).

Meanwhile, public health researchers suggest we are experiencing a “silent pandemic of neuro-developmental disorders” and a “chemical brain drain” brought about by the exposure of an entire generation to industrial chemicals (Grandjean 2014).

Archaeologists unearthed the bones of at least five people at Jebel Irhoud, a former barite mine 100km west of Marrakesh, Morocco in excavations that lasted years. They knew the remains were old, but were stunned when dating tests revealed that a tooth and stone tools found with the bones were about 300,000 years old.

Apart from being more stout and muscular, the adults at Jebel Irhoud looked similar to people alive today. “The face of the specimen we found is the face of someone you could meet on the tube in London,” Hublin said. In a second paper, the scientists lay out how they dated the stone tools to between 280,000 and 350,000 years, and a lone tooth to 290,000 years old. Scientists have long looked to East Africa as the birthplace of modern humans. Until the latest findings from Jebel Irhoud, the oldest known remnants of our species were found at Omo Kibish in Ethiopia and dated to 195,000 years old. Other fossils and genetic evidence all point to an African origin for modern humans.

Jebel Irhoud has thrown up puzzles for scientists since fossilised bones were first found at the site in the 1960s. Remains found in 1961 and 1962, and stone tools recovered with them, were attributed to Neanderthals and at first considered to be only 40,000 years old. At the time, a popular view held that modern humans evolved from Neanderthals. Today, the Neanderthals are considered a sister group that lived alongside, and even bred with, our modern human ancestors.

A post shared by Joshua R. Williams (@jrdubbleu) on

"What we know, first and foremost, is that it hardly matters what Trump says because what he says is as likely as not to have no relationship to the truth, no relationship to what he said last year during the campaign or even what he said last week. What he says bears no relationship to any consistent political or policy ideology or world-view. What he says is also likely to bear no relationship to what his top advisers or appointees have said or believe, making them unreliable interlocutors even if they agreed among themselves, which they don’t. This lack of clear policy is compounded by the fact that the president, despite his boasts to the contrary, knows very little about the topics at hand and isn’t particularly interested in learning. In other words, he’s still making it up as he goes along."

“They’re all about food in the fall — they need to eat 20,000 calories a day. That would take all day to eat from a berry tree,” Lee says. “If instead they can cruise an alley, eat for an hour and sleep for the rest of the day, that’s what a bear’s going to do.”


“If you let a monkey choose if he wants one banana now or six bananas later, the monkey will always chose the one banana now,” he said. “From this, we children understood we cannot trust that adults alone will save our future. To do that, we have to take our future in our hands.”


Naloxone–an opiate antagonist–precipitates in rats with sugar overconsumption some of the behavioral and neurochemical signs of opiate withdrawal. This latter observation is important because it shows that overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages may induce a dependence-like state. Finally, recent neuroimaging studies in humans have recently discovered neuroadaptations in the brain of obese individuals that mimic those previously observed in individuals addicted to cocaine and other drugs of abuse.

Roughly one person dies from an overdose per day in Maine. U.S. Sen. Angus King, an independent from Maine, told ATTN: that doctors bear some responsibility for the crisis. In fact, four out of five new heroin users start with prescription drugs, many of which are first obtained legally. "One of the way doctors and hospitals are now measured is: 'Did you leave the office pain free?,'" King told ATTN:. "The problem is that becomes an incentive to prescribe these very powerful pain medications." King believes that we need to train doctors to better prevent addiction and to specify more clearly what quantity of pills should be prescribed for common injuries.

The House Agriculture, Livestock and Natural Resources Committee on Monday voted 8-5 against House Bill 1226, which would have made daylight saving time permanent in the state. The committee members voted to postpone the issue indefinitely. Many committee members sided with the ski industry, which had opposed the bill over safety concerns due to certain checks that take place every day, and possible tourism confusion in voting down the bill.

A study by CU Boulder found that the loss of an hour of sleep due to the time change led to more than 300 deaths over the span of a decade due to increased incidence of car crashes, heart attacks and stress.

Here are just a few of the most compelling facts Kennedy and his fellow panelists outline in this videotaped press conference:
• The Pharmaceutical industry outspends every other industry, including oil and gas, on lobbying
• The CDC owns over 20 vaccine patents
• 97 percent of people making vaccine policy decisions own stock in a pharmaceutical company or are otherwise financially entangled with Big Pharma and the vaccine industry
• The CDC warns pregnant women that eating fish, which often contain mercury, should be avoided during pregnancy, yet it continues to defend mercury-containing vaccines—even though the ethylmercury in vaccines is 50 times more toxic and twice as persistent in the human body as the methylmercury found in fish
• In 2011, the Supreme Court ruled parents can’t sue vaccine makers for vaccine-related harm to their children
• Despite refusing to admit that vaccines may cause injury to some children, the U.S. Department of Human Health and Services runs a vaccine injury compensation “no-fault” program that has paid out millions to parents whose children were harmed by vaccines
• When the World Mercury Project put out a call for parents whose healthy children became sick shortly after being vaccinated, 6100 women responded in just 13 hours

Willpower isn't a guarantee you'll hit a target.
So it's not about what you "should" be able to do--that's preconception, construct. It's about pushing the limits to find what you actually can do--that's reality. And what you can do might vary from one day to the next. That's Ok. Don't be disappointed in yourself or feel like you're not strong or committed enough just because those variations come up. Just give it everything every time, whatever "everything" might happen to be.

Consistent exercise has taught me to do my best, pay attention to myself and others, and be brave enough to embrace individuality. It's taught me to absorb and appreciate as much as I can and not take anything for granted. It's taught me courage and flexibility. 

“If you never did you should. These things are fun, and fun is good.”

A nurse that gave care to thousands on their deathbeds revealed what peoples’ most common regrets were. They included:
  • Working too much, and not having fun.
  • Caring what other people thought too much.
  • Not revealing how they really felt.
  • Not staying in touch with friends.
  • Not allowing themselves to be happy, and staying in their ‘comfort’ zones.

"Heroes don’t come easy, so let’s put our heads together and start a new country up. This land is the land of ours. Freedom reigns supreme. The bells are ringing through the town again. Here we stand and here we fight. Great opportunity awaits. Every day is new again. Every day is yours to win. That’s how heroes are made. The finest example is you. "

There are a number of other people who also claim to have broken Jeanne Calment’s record, but whose ages have not been confirmed. Nigerian James Olofintuyi has claimed to be 171, while Dhaqabo Ebba from Ethiopia has claimed to be 163, but without verifiable documents they cannot be given her title.

He is said to have begun preparing for his death in 1992, even having a gravestone made, but 24 years later he is still alive. When previously asked the secret to a long life, Mr Gotho said: “The recipe is just patience”.

Poe’s law helps explain why “fuck 2016” is, at least according to the A.V. Club, this year’s “definitive meme.” Content subsumed by Poe’s law is inherently disorienting, not unlike trying to have an intense emotional conversation with someone wearing dark sunglasses. Not knowing exactly what you’re looking at, and therefore what to look out for, obscures how best to respond in a given moment. More vexingly, it obscures what the implications of that response might be

Fallacies are common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic of your argument. Fallacies can be either illegitimate arguments or irrelevant points, and are often identified because they lack evidence that supports their claim. Avoid these common fallacies in your own arguments and watch for them in the arguments of others.

"Its tempting to write off people who refuse to evolve, especially if their candidate loses the election. But the ugliness of the Trump campaign is evidence of how white men existing in their own shrinking universe can be a real threat. For women, greater educational achievements, a lifetime in the work force and delayed marriage and childbearing mean our lives are more expansive and outward-looking than ever before. Working-class white men, though, have seen many of their connections to society severed — unions decimated, jobs lost, families split apart or never formed at all — decreasing their social status and leaving them increasingly isolated. That many white men are struggling surely contributes to Mr. Trump’s popularity, but the driving force of this election is not money — the median household income of Trump primary voters was about $72,000 a year, $16,000 more than the national median household income. It’s power, and fury at watching it wane."

It all has to do with the power behind your nose’s blows. Usually, sneezes are initiated when a foreign particle or external stimulant enters your snout, reaching the nasal mucosa. “This triggers a release of histamines, which irritate nerve cells in the nose,” Dawn Zacharias, an allergist at University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland, tells Popular Science. “This activates and results in the sneeze. It’s a powerful release of air, expelling what’s in the nose that’s causing the irritation.”

Of course, a foreign irritant may not be triggering your sneezes at all. For about 18 to 20 percent of the population, staring at bright lights can cause uncontrollable sneezing. It’s a genetic condition called a photic sneeze reflex, and its mechanisms aren’t very well understood. Some researchers believe that rapid pupil constriction may trigger the nerves related to sneezing, but no one knows for sure. So if you seem to be sneezing over and over while enjoying the great outdoors, maybe avert your gaze from the sun for a little while.

According to website Quartz, the researchers on this project designed a study that included 259 students who were in committed relationships. It lasted for over 16 months. As it ends up, students with more shared friends, and students with fewer shared friends but who shared media consumption, reported the highest levels of relationship satisfaction.

"Sharing a social identity is a key component of interdependence in romantic relationships. In particular, sharing a social network of friends and family members with a romantic partner enhances relationship quality, but maintaining an integrated social network is not always possible. When people lack a shared circle of friends with their partners, sharing media like TV shows, books, and movies with partners may compensate for this deficit and restore closeness."

"Teen pregnancy is way down. And a study suggests that the reason is increased, and increasingly effective, use of contraceptives. From 2007 to 2013, births to teens age 15 to 19 dropped by 36 percent; pregnancies fell by 25 percent from 2007 to 2011, according to federal data. But that wasn't because teens were shunning sex. The amount of sex being had by teenagers during that time period was largely unchanged, says the study, which was published online in the Journal of Adolescent Health. And it wasn't because they were having more abortions. Abortion has been declining among all age groups, and particularly among teenagers."

Agnes Fenton, 111, said she made it to the age of 105 by drinking three Miller High Life beers and a shot of Johnnie Walker Blue Label scotch every day, beginning when she was 50. But Ms. Fenton, who celebrated her birthday on 1 August, credits her long life to a power much higher than beer.

“When I was 100 years old, I went to the mirror to thank God that I was still here,” the New Jersey woman said. “And I thank him every morning.”

A University of Michigan study of nearly 14,000 college students found that students today have about 40% less empathy than college kids had in the 1980s and 1990s. Michele Borba, an educational psychologist and author of Unselfie: Why Empathetic Kids Succeed in Our-All-About-Me World, argues that that the rise of narcissism and loss of empathy are key reasons for why nearly a third of college kids are depressed and mental health problems among kids are on the rise.
With these tips from Borba—and that Klassen Tid cake recipe—even non-Danes might have a shot at raising happy, considerate people.

"You want strength that you can actually control and apply.

We are each our own greatest inhibitor. People don't want to do new things if they think they're going to be bad at them or people are going to laugh at them. You have to be willing to subject yourself to failure, to be bad, to fall on your head and do it again, and try stuff that you've never done in order to be the best you can be."

"Though the creation of this inland sea — the largest lake in California — was an accident, it initially appeared to deliver substantial benefits. Birds flocked to the area, and fish thrived in the Salton Sea. Developers seized upon the rare setting and branded it the "Salton Riviera," a "miracle in the desert." Hotels, yacht clubs, homes, and schools sprang up along the shores as the Salton Sea became a resort destination. But disaster loomed.

By the late 1970s, the ecosystem was deteriorating rapidly. With no drainage outlet, almost zero yearly rainfall, and runoff flowing in from nearby farms, the sea was polluted with pesticides and saltier than the Pacific Ocean. Periodic flooding brought the poisoned water further ashore. Depleted oxygen in the sea killed scores of fish and dragged their rotting bodies onto the beach, where they shriveled in the sun."

"Here’s where I come out on this topic: we are complete with or without a mate, with or without a child. We get to decide for ourselves what is beautiful when it comes to our bodies. That decision is ours and ours alone. Let’s make that decision for ourselves and for the young women in this world who look to us as examples. Let’s make that decision consciously, outside of the tabloid noise. We don’t need to be married or mothers to be complete. We get to determine our own ‘happily ever after’ for ourselves."

"We all do this to some extent—your friends share news with you and presumably many of your friends share your viewpoints. The algorithms built into those social networks are designed to reinforce this natural human tendency and expand upon it—if you like this, you’ll like this. The networks reinforce your existing point of view in order to give you more of what you like, as that will make you happy and keep you on the network—and, in turn, more ads can be accurately targeted your way. You remain blissfully happy “knowing” or, rather, believing, more and more about less and less. Add that algorithm to folks’ natural inclination to seek points of view that confirm existing biases and you’ve got a potent combination. Once you’ve surrounded yourself with only one point of view, soon that point of view is all you hear."

Combining high-speed video footage of eruptions and acoustic measurements of Mount Sakurajima’s electromagnetic field, the researchers determined that volcanic lightning occurs due to the electrification of rising ash particles by magma. They further showed that volcanic lightning is generally restricted to the lower part of a developing ash plume—within a few hundred meters of the crater’s rim—where turbulent jets of magma produce a complex charge distribution.

The study also revealed an unexpected correlation between the frequency of lightning flashes and the total volume of ash released. The amount of ash a volcano will spew out is hard to predict during an eruption, but not so for electrical discharges. “This is a parameter that can be measured—from a distance of several kilometers away and under conditions of poor visibility,” lead study author Corrado Cimarelli said in a statement.

"A dog's brain is also specialized for identifying scents. The percentage of the dog's brain that is devoted to analyzing smells is actually 40 times larger than that of a human! It's been estimated that dogs can identify smells somewhere between 1,000 to 10,000 times better than nasally challenged humans can."

Number of Scent Receptors
5 million
45-80 million
125 million
Fox Terrier
147 million
225 million
German Shepherd
225 million
300 million
500 million

"Science can measure the brain's olfactory lobe and count the smell receptor cells in there, but it still can't qualify a smell in the lab -- only the nose knows whether a scent attracts or repels, and reveals this perception by words or behavior. This makes it difficult, if not impossible, to identify an absolute best smeller.

Sharks can detect prey from a mile away. It has been found that about 2/3rd of a shark's brain is dedicated to the olfactory bulb."

"This indicates that women's sexuality may be more flexible and adaptive than men's," said study author Elizabeth Aura McClintock, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Notre Dame.

McClintock said sexual identity is a social construct. "It is important to emphasize that I am not suggesting that same-sex unions are a second-best option to heterosexual unions," McClintock said. "And I do not think that women are strategically selecting an advantageous sexual identity or that they can 'choose' whether they find men, women, or both sexually attractive. Rather, social context and romantic experience might influence how they perceive and label their sexual identity."

"Living things are good at collecting information about their surroundings, and at putting that information to use through the ways they interact with their environment so as to survive and replicate themselves. Thus, talking about biology inevitably leads to talking about decision, purpose, and function. At the same time, living things are also made of atoms that, in and of themselves, have no particular function. Rather, molecules and the atoms from which they are built exhibit well-defined physical properties having to do with how they bounce off of, stick to, and combine with each other across space and over time. Making sense of life at the molecular level is all about building a bridge between these two different ways of looking at the world...

Creationists often cast themselves as humble servants of God, and paint scientists as arrogant, know-it-all rebels against him. But, unsurprisingly, they’ve got it all backwards, once again. England’s work reminds us that it’s scientists’ willingness to admit our own ignorance and confront it head on — rather than papering over it — that unlocks the great storehouse of wonders we live in and gives us our most challenging, satisfying quests."

“In addition to the normal plate tectonics, the interior of the plates which should be quite boring are being forced up and down by mantle convection,” Hoggard told Gizmodo. “People have known that this occurs for a long time, but for the past 30 years we haven’t had the data to measure it.”

"Polarizability is the ability to form instantaneous dipoles. It is a property of matter. Polarizabilities determine the dynamical response of a bound system to external fields, and provide insight into a molecule's internal structure."

"Electric polarizability is the relative tendency of a charge distribution, like the electron cloud of an atom or molecule, to be distorted from its normal shape by an external electric field, which is applied typically by inserting the molecule in a charged parallel-plate capacitor, but may also be caused by the presence of a nearby ion or dipole."

"Magnetic polarizability defined by spin interactions of nucleons is an important parameter of deuterons and hadrons. In particular, measurement of tensor polarizabilities of nucleons yields important information about spin-dependent nuclear forces.

"In general, more men than women use online dating—some 13% of men compared to 9% of women in the United States, according a Pew Research Centre study in 2013. Men also use their dating accounts more, according to a 2010 study of online dating published in American Economic Review: Men view three times more profiles than women, and send three times as many first-contact emails.

Ashley Madison is an extreme example of this male-heavy ratio. Prior to the July hack, the adulterous dating website claimed that 30% of its clients were female. But just 15% of the 35 million hacked records released in August belonged to women, and it was found that the adulterous dating website had created 70,000 bots to impersonate women and send messages to men on the site. Meanwhile, a 2015 study of the 91 million people who use location-based digital matchmaking apps, such as Tinder and Hinge, found that 62% of users are men."

Jim Jones was a phony faith healer who moved his Indiana church to northern California in the mid-'60s in search of a safe place to survive the possibility of nuclear warfare. In the mid-'70s, when a magazine raised questions about church beatings and financial abuses, Jones moved his flock to Guyana, in South America, to the jungle settlement he called his "beautiful promised land." "It was a slave camp run by a madman," said Leslie Wilson, a young mother then only 21, who began walking away from Jonestown early on the day that ended in the suicides and murder. She and 10 others trudged almost 30 miles through the jungle to another town. Wilson carried her 3-year-old son on her back. "It was a freedom walk," she said. "It was a walk to freedom."

Tim Carter, a Jones aide, stayed in the camp almost to the end and saw his wife and his 1-year-old son die before he was sent away on an errand. Authorities made him return two days later to help identify bodies. Carter saw Jones lying with a bullet hole in the side of his head. "I remember thinking the son of a bitch didn't even die the way everybody else died," Carter said.

"Another interesting observation was that negative behavior is more repetitive than reciprocal. In other words, those who do bad often repeat bad behaviors. Scientists also found that people who have recently been wronged are 10 times more likely to do wrong themselves compared to people who have been treated fairly. This is a powerful truth that has far-reaching implications. There are, apparently, bad apples, and they can spoil the bunch. (Hint for Christians: Here's your empirical justification for rewarding good behavior and punishing bad behavior without reference to a deity.)"

"It doesn’t matter what it is—pick something you enjoy and go after it. When you do this, two things happen. First, you gain a sense of confidence in yourself because you see that you’re capable of living on your own terms. Second, this confidence brings new and interesting people into your life.

Being alone can be beautiful, but if you want to add people to your life, finding a purpose for your existence is the fastest way to do it."

"That people would value autonomy over influence jives with self-determination theory, a psychological theory that suggests autonomy is one of humans’ basic psychological needs, along with relatedness and competence. Influence is not a need under this theory. Another study suggests that while striving for power lowers people’s well-being, once they have power, they really are happier, because they feel more authentic—the power makes them feel like the circumstances of their lives are more in line with who they feel they are inside. That may be because the power gives them the freedom to make their own decisions, and their sense of well-being grows when they do what they want."

Quality vs. Quantity, "A Conversation with William McDonough"

"The drug, junk food, and biotechnology industries have deep pockets, so it's no surprise that their adverts would be splashed all over the WebMD website. Prescription drugs for every imaginable problem are listed on virtually every WebMD page, along with plenty of health-harming processed foods and snacks — along with Monsanto's assurances of GMO safety. WebMD is a great example of the brilliant marketing these industries are doing.

They seek to provide you with the illusion of an independent objective third party that just so happens to confirm their solution is the best choice. But, when you draw back the curtain, you find it's really the companies themselves that are crafting the message — not an independent entity that has looked at all the pros and cons and detail both sides of the issue.

The lack of independence among promoters and distributors of health information has become of tremendous concern. Due to a dramatic rise in scientific fraud, it's more important than ever to be able to gain access to the full set of data before making or taking a recommendation.

Not only are industry studies 400 percent more likely to show positive outcomes, negative findings are often never published, and raw data is rarely publicly available. Across the board, companies do an excellent job of publicizing the findings they want you to know, while keeping studies that don't support their product hidden from you and the rest of the world.

Also, I'm sure by now many of you can follow the dots and draw your own conclusions with circular maps and arrows marking the many conflicts of interest that exist between this unholy alliance of so-called independent health advisors, pharmaceutical companies, processed food companies, the biotech industry, and various regulatory agencies, including the FDA."

» Buzzfeed: "The 12 Most Outrageous Science Scandals Of 2015"

"Another trait, which could very well be linked to the first, is that forever-late-comers are more likely to be multitaskers. In a 2003 study run by Jeff Conte from San Diego State University in the US, found that out of 181 subway operators in New York City, those who preferred multitasking - or polychronicity - were more often late to their job. This is because multitasking makes it harder to have metacognition, or awareness of what you're doing, as Drake Baer reports for Business Insider.

For people who constantly underestimate tasks, breaking down an activity into very detailed steps can help people more accurately estimate how long something will take. A 2012 study also found that asking people to mentally picture a task before they do it can help them be more realistic about its duration, Reddy reports for The Wall Street Journal."

"Our society is largely built on the idea that science can help us make good, solid decisions. But now we're facing a world so rife with problems caused by the very sciences that were supposed to keep us healthy, safe, and productive, it's quite clear that we're heading toward more than one proverbial brick wall. In a sense, the fundamental role of science itself has been hijacked for selfish gain. Looking back, you can now see that the preferred business model of an industry was created first, followed by 'scientific evidence' that supports the established business model."

"Scientists have found and sequenced a complete assemblage of DNA from an ancient human in Africa for the first time. Archaeologists from the University of South Florida recovered the 4,500-year-old skeleton, which they have dubbed Mota, from a cave in the highlands of Ethiopia, the New York Times reports. Then researchers were able to recover Mota’s entire genome from genetic material in the skeleton’s inner ear bone."

The females listen carefully. And the reason? Well, in the deep woods, you'll hear all sorts of crickets chirping. Those are the males of numerous species, all saying, "Come and get me." To us, they sound pretty much the same. But the sounds actually are different. The speed at which they rub their wings together — the pulse rate — varies from species to species. What's happening, Laurel Symes says, is that crickets (there are about 140 species in North America alone) have divided up the sound spectrum into sonic niches. Each species has its own frequency, like a radio station. And they manage this highly specialized communication with a brain the size of a pinhead.

"We think that we know what's going on out there," she says, "and we're [only] getting this tiny slice of all of the sound in the world."

"Patty Allen, of the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Wildlife and Heritage Service, said the better a growing season, the bigger a woolly bear grows. As a caterpillar ages, it sheds its outer layer up to six times before reaching adult size, and with each molt becomes less black and more reddish. More brown indicates age, not weather, according to scientists.

"Marcel witnessed and photographed the precipitation of light into crystal in his IBM laboratory while growing liquid crystals. Despite his initial reluctance, Marcel eventually began his 17 years of research into the application of quartz crystals. He very quickly found the limitations of natural quartz. They had the capacity to store, amplify, and transfer information, but they could not adequately cohere the energies emitted by the body and mind of an individual. Raw crystals have varying fundamental fields depending upon where and how they were mined as well as their variation in shape due to the distortions caused by stressors present during its growth. Some crystals have very high fundamental fields while others are found to have a minimal field. Synthetic quartz was found to have virtually no fundamental field."

"Floaters are normally merely proteins of the vitreous gel that have clumped together. These stringy clusters of proteins block light and therefore cast a shadow on the retina. These floaters usually appear as transparent circles or tadpoles and stay permanently in your eye.

Floaters are usually just an annoyance that people get used to, but sometimes they can hamper vision and therefore require surgery. This procedure involves removing the vitreous and replacing it with a saline liquid."

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